The Dumoine River Valley
The Boundary between Pontiac County and Temiscamingue County, Quebec, Canada
including part of the Ottawa River and the Villages of Stonecliffe, Des Joachims and Rolphton
December 6, 2012:
Hi Al ..I'm doing some research on the earliest settlers of the Dumoine valley and Des Joachim village. William Logan (head of the
Geological Surveys of Canada) talks about an early farm and logging road at the mouth of the Dumoine established
by Ryan and Cumming 1840's. Later maps show leases to R.Ryan who I assume was Roderick Ryan. Any idea who the Ryan/Cumming
partnership was?. (See posting dated December 7, below ... Al).I have also been reading the Charles Meech journals and he spent a
few winters in the 1870's running a camp on the Du Moines west branch now called the Fildegrande but he didn't have a lease in his name.
I know he was related to David Moore and the McConnells but I can't find a lease in their name either.
Any idea who he would be working for at that time?
Good afternoon, Wally:
Thanks for your interesting e-mail regarding the early settlers in the Dumoine Valley and at Des Joachim.
Unfortunately, I don't have very much here relating to the Dumoine area. You seem to be researching this subject at an intensive level!
One reference I have is from a chapter in Vernon Price's book “Logging on the Schyan”. The chapter is called “My last Portage on the
Big Dumoine River”. It mentions Big Dumoine Lake where J.R. Booth had a lumber camp, but this was after 1900.
Do you know who Mr. Cumming was? Was he an Ottawa / Eastview resident? I'm just wondering if, by chance, he is the Mr. Cummings for whom
Cumming's Island over the Rideau River on Montreal Road is named. This might be an avenue to look into.
I'll look through my material here, especially Vernon Price's book (unfortunately it has no index) tomorrow and see if I can find
any information for you. I'll get in touch if I do.
What I could do, if you ike, is set up a new web page on our site for the early days on the DuMoine, based on your e-mail. With any luck,
this new page will attract researchers who are familiar with that area.
Please let me know if this would be OK with you.
We have two web pages which deal with early surveyors in western Quebec, the diary of Hugh Falls and also
a partial diary kept by Michael McDermott who was surveying in the Ottawa area from 1842-1849.
I enjoyed reading of your canoe trip adventures on the Hood River, etc. Those books by Bill Mason were my favourites back when I did more
canoeing than I do now.
Feel free to contribute any information to Bytown or Bust, including photos of the Dumoine area.
Thanks again for this.
... Al Lewis
I'm sorry that I didn't reply earlier, but I wasn't sure I could be helpful since I am not that familiar with the roots of the Cummings
family before they settled in the Eastview area.
There is a slight difference in the spelling of the name. My father's middle name, taken from his mother's maiden name, was Cummings
(with an s at the end). They were the ones on Cummings Island. Of course it is possible it might be the same family name, but probably not.
I am pretty sure there is a census record of the family being on a farm in the Russell area when my grandmother was young and I have never
heard of logging in their background, but that doesn't mean it isn't possible. I will keep this exchange and if anything
matches up I will let you know.
E-mail Wally Schaber, Janice MacAulay, Mark Cullen and Allan Lewis
Thanks Al......yes I d like a Dumoine webpage linked to me. I m trying to write a book eventually about the Dumoine watershed. Everything passed
through Des Joachim from the earliest whitemen to me first in 1969 then every year since.The Algonquin of course ,were centuries earlier .....
using the river as a trade route and to avoid the Iroquois. Id appreciate a chat room. I am also blogging info as I find it at
http://www.dumoinewatershed.blogspot.com . (There is a lot of info and pictures at Wally's blog ... Al)
Thanks for your help. Nice to know Bill and I still have a few fans out there.
Map Source:Canadian Government Topographic Map "Des Joachims - Ontario / Quebec"
West Half of Map Number 31K/4, Scale 1:50,000
Canada: Mines and Technical Surveys Department, 1956
Keywords on map: Stonecliffe, Holden Lake, Bear Creek, Driftwood Provincial Park, Aberford Township, Aberdeen Township.
December 7, 2012:
A Who's Who of the early Bytown business, political and social elite in French Canadian and Irish Catholic circles
Roderick Ryan's Marriage to Cecilia Judge:
5 Oct 1840 (Source: Registers of Notre Dame Cathedral)
After one publication of banns, marriage of Roddy Ryan, (Roderick Ryan), yeoman, to Cecilia Judge, both of this place
Witnesses: Charles Aumond, John Cunningham & others
In 1854, Roderick Ryan and Cecilia Judge had a son named Roger who was baptized at Notre Dame Cathedral. (a second R. Ryan who
was also a lumberman.
Charles Aumond and John Cunningham were well known entrepreneurs in the early days of Bytown and were part of the business and social elite.
Roderick Ryan is mentioned on our John Cunningham web page. These families became related by marriage.
Search for "Aumond" (without the quotes) at the Google Search Engine below.
and the Aumond's were related to the Cummings family.
21 Apr 1833 (Source: Registers of Notre Dame Cathedral)
Marriage of Joseph Aumond, merchant, and Jane Cummings, both of Bytown
(Joseph Aumond later became the major French-Canadian lumber baron)
Jean Bareille & George Hunter
They were also connected to Joseph-Balsura TURGEON -- the first Francophone Mayor of Bytown and Henry Friel
mayor of Bytown in 1854) was the Godfather for Roderick Ryan and Cecilia Judge's who was born in 1847.
and here's more, also from the Notre Dame registers:
17 Mar 1852
Baptism of Richard Napoleon, born 15 March of the marriage of Charles Aumond and Christine Cumming
Coll McDonald & Mary E. MacDonnell, his wife.
6 Oct 1854
Baptism of Marie Emma Gertrude, born 26 September of the marriage of Joseph
Aumond, squire & merchant, and Dame Jane Cumming of Bytown
Wally Schaber is a well-known adventurer, explorer and wilderness canoeist from the Ottawa area.
Here is an excerpt from page 83 of Song of the Paddle: An Illustrated Guide to Wilderness Camping
written by Bill Mason, published in 1988 by Key Porter Books Limited, ISBN 1-55013-082-X
Keywords for search engine: Bill Mason, Wally Schaber, Alan Whatmough, Bruce Cockburn, Gilles Couet and Gilles Levesque.
Wally is associated with Trailhead in Ottawa where I bought my latest canoe (the "Bytown Boat"). ... Al
February 18, 2013:
I wanted to introduce Louise Tanguay www.louisetanguayphoto.com to you and a Photo Workshop we're presenting this September 6-9 on the Dumoine River.
Louise is an exceptional photographer and teacher who runs photo workshops all over the world. I m pleased she has agreed to run one on the Dumoine, as
I believe it is a beautiful place that she and her students will enjoy.
We will be using the Dumoine Rod and Gun Club as our base and photographing 5 different land/riverscapes....Grande Chute, Cranberry Bog,
Old Growth Forest, Canadian Shield Cliffs and Birch Grove Wilderness lake.I m coordinating the logistics and adding some local history
I was hoping you might mention it to your readership. We will be working with CPAWS to create a photo tribute to bring attention to the
Dumoine Valley which is a candidate for Aquatic Reserve Status from the Quebec Government.
For further information on the Dumoine Photo Workshop see www.louisetanguay.com scroll down to workshops.
For information about the
History of the Dumoine including links to your website see www.dumoinewatershed.blogspot.com
New e-mail address for Wally Schaber incorporated in the list below.
March 29, 2013:
Wally Schaber has done a lot of research relating to his trip UP the Domoine River in September of 2013:
Hi....I thought you might enjoy my story about going up the Dumoine this past fall.
Its attracted some visits on my blog so maybe it's a new trend.....
... Wally Schaber
December 4, 2014:
Here are three wonderful works of art from Wally Schaber:
I was reading your Art column and enjoyed it. It was the only images available prior to
photography for historic reference so its important. Here's three I found re Des Joachims.
The first one is by British Officer Philip John Bainbrigge done in the early 1840s before William Logans survey.
Only the same shanty Logan mentions in his journal is visible.
The second sketch is by George H. Perry done in 1858. It shows Coltons Hotel and is titled "Coltons at Des Joachims".
The third is a beautiful watercolour from Canadian Scenery showing the same scene around 1872.
Source: Library and Archives Canada, MIKAN # 2896113
December 6, 2014:
Here is a wood carving of the painting immediately above. The woodcarving appears in the two-volume set called "Picturesque Canada",
sketches co-ordinated by Lucius O'Brien, R.C.A., in the late 1800's. Lots of terrific paintings by well-known 19th century artists.
The artist(s) was / were Schell and Hogan and the engraver was T.H. Heard for this woodcarving in Picturesque Canada.
February 25, 2015:
I believe the link below shows the beginning of the Joachim portage from McConnell Creek at the head of Colton Bay up to Bell Lake.
The hills behind match as does the waterfront I d like to add it to our Des Joachim sequence but would like input from others
See this web page for picture
December 5, 2015:
Well my book will finally be a reality on December 15th. I'm selling and promoting it myself. If you are interested
in buying a copy please let me know asap and if you could forward this e mail or post it on Facebook or in a
newsletter it would be most appreciated.
... Wally Schaber
The Last of the Wild Rivers
The Last of the Wild Rivers: The Past, Present, and Future of the Rivière du Moine Watershed, by Wallace A. Schaber,
is published by Burnstown Publishing House, Burnstown, Ontario, and retails for $30.
They say twenty-five years is a generation. After two generations of exploring the Du Moine Valley, I realize that the
task of passing on its story, a gift to me from the people who related and created some of its history, is one I
must take on in order that it might be preserved.
The history of man's relationship with the Du Moine watershed and the gateway village of Rapides-des-Joachims is a
snapshot of Canada's history. Today that history is being written by the Quebec government as a proposed future
aquatic reserve with strict conservation guidelines surrounded by an existing outdoor playground of Quebec Crown land,
half of which is in two ZECs (zones d'exploitation contrôlée) managed by not-for-profit boards to enhance
recreational opportunities, especially hunting and fishing. Whitewater canoeists among others seek to preserve
what they love about the Du Moine ,one of the best and last wild rivers within a days drive of half Canada's population.
If you go back fifty years when I first arrived there, the valley was a playground leased to private fish and game
club members. These clubs were granted up to 100-square-mile leases as their exclusive fishing and hunting reserve.
The forest roads and trees were managed by forest rangers sponsored by a flourishing mechanized pulp, paper, and
Another fifty-year backward journey takes you to the peak of the lumber trade era when men walked to the Du Moine Valley
shanties with their axes on their shoulders, and supplies were hauled by horse and sleigh to them by hundreds of teamsters.
In the spring, the men would push, pull, and float their winter harvest down the Du Moine and its tributaries to the
Du Moine's mouth, where a giant boom held it for the tugboats. The boats of the Upper Ottawa Improvement Company
pulled the huge booms, mixtures of every company's stamped logs, down the Ottawa River to the mills at
Chaudiere Falls, below Canada's Parliament Buildings. Passenger steamboats still
plied the waters between Pembroke and Des Joachims and competed with a new two-decade-old trans-Canada railroad.
Another half century back in history takes you to the beginning of a village built around Rapides-des-Joachims
anchored by a deluxe hotel illustrated above, a Hudson's Bay trading post, and a portage. Change becomes slower,
and we can peel back a thick layer of history. Four centuries of the moccasins of First Nations peoples and the boots
of European explorers, traders, and priests went over this portage, wearing it down to granite before the village existed.
Then they paddled on past the Rivière du Moine on their way west and north. Some of those traders and priests
travelled up the Rivière du Moine on their way to bring goods and the Catholic religion to the Algonquins who
lived in the Ottawa Valley watershed. The seed and core of man's history here begins with the Algonquin Tribe and
the band that claimed the Du Moine as theirs. They called the river Ekonakwasi Sipi--Priests' River--which the French then
translated as Monks' River, or Rivière du Moine. The Du Moine band of the Algonquin peoples had lived, traded,
and died in the Du Moine watershed since time immemorial.
This book is my version of that story with plenty of help from real pioneer men and women like Chief Pol Chevalier,
John Egan, JR Booth, Charles Meech, Grannie Meilleur, Moses and Abigail Holt, Bill Mason and
Ron Bowes and a prediction--a plea--about the watershed's future.
Wally Schaber/contact me at Dumoineriver@primus.ca
Last of the Wild Rivers is available from your local independent book store or outdoor store or mail order direct
from the author.
The Last of the Wild Rivers
The Last of the Wild Rivers: The Past, Present, and Future of the Rivière du Moine Watershed [ISBN], by
Wallace A. Schaber, is published by Burnstown Publishing House, Burnstown, Ontario, and retails for $30.
December 7, 2015:
Thanks to Carmen Rochon who posted the following three photographs to the facebook page for the Fort Coulonge, La Passe, and Westmeath History Forum.
This group is well worth joining ! ... Al
The Sauvé's of the Dumoine. My husband's ggfather own the farm which was used and known as the Dumoine Rod and Gun Club.
Here's an article from: "Gray Ghosts on the Dumoine - A Chronicle of Time and the River" by Janet Uren, The Beaver magazine,
August \ September 1986
Names for search engine: Adelard Sauve, Charles and Margaret Johnson, Lake Temagami.
Adélard and his 7 living children and gchildren.
After the passing of his wife in 1934 in front of their
home on the Dumoine. Dumoine River Rod and Gun Club
January 1, 2016: (Adelard Sauve, his stopping place on the Dumoine River)
The following excerpt is from Wally Schaber's book, page 97. The indented portion of the text is spoken by Rusty Leach.
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