Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada History and Genealogy
Fort William, Ontario, Canada, 1881 Census of Residents

(Hudson's Bay Company post originally called Fort Kaministiquia)
Overview of Lake Superior and the Lakehead Map Source: A Historical Atlas of Canada, Edited by D.G.G. Kerr, University of Western Ontario, Thomas Nelson and Sons, Second Edition, 1966, page 20

September 10, 2009: Fort William, Ontario, Canada, located at the northwest end of Lake Superior, was originally called Fort Kaministiquia. The fort was built by the French explorer and voyageur Sieur Duluth and became the inland headquarters of the fur trade carried on by the voyageurs employed by the Northwest Company out of Montreal, Quebec. It was built on the Kaministiquia River. August 1, 2013: Before the end of the 1600's, the coureurs de bois had established regular routes to Lake Superior and, from Kaministiquia, northwards to Rainy Lake which they had penetrated by 1688. Although they found that the intermediate trading tribes with whom they travelled were anxious as ever to prevent French access to the more distant fur-hunting tribes, and though they became involved in endless tribal quarrels, as well as in the long-term hostilities with the Iroquois, yet they kept thrusting outwards. As always, they had Montreal as their starting point, with the Ottawa River as their initial step upon the journey. (1) (1) Source: Montreal and the Fur Trade, by E. E. Rich, McGill University Press, 1966, page 19. Kaministiquia was renamed Fort William for William McGillivray, who formed and led a regiment of voyageurs recruited from the area during the War of 1812. In 1970, Fort William and Port Arthur became part of the city of Thunder Bay, Ontario.
Environment Canada Seven Day Weather Forecast for Thunder Bay, Ontario, Canada. The Thunder Bay Chronical Journal
January 6, 2013: This web site covers history, genealogy and the fur trade in the Thunder Bay region beginning in the 1600's. The following list of names comprise the residents of Fort William in 1881 according to the Census of Canada. In 1850, the British Government negotiated with the Objibway and Cree peoples for land along the north shore of Lake Superior and Lake Huron - see shaded area on the map below. These two areas are known as "Robinson Superior" and "Robinson Huron". In 1905, Treaty Number 9 was completed (see map). The village of Attawaspiskat is located on the western shore of James Bay. Chief Theresa Spence is in Ottawa and she will meet with Prime Minister Harper and representatives of the Native peoples of Canada on January 11, 2013. The Idle No More movement is a hot topic among the Algonquins and Mohawks in the Eastern Ontario and Western Quebec area. The book Treaty No. 9, Making the Agreement to Share the Land in Far Northern Ontario in 1905, by John S. Long, McGill-Queens University Press, ISBN 978-0-7735-3761-3 has a tremendous amount of information regarding the treaty and the process by which it came about. The map below is extracted from Mr. Long's book, page 26.
Map showing Robinson Superior and Robinson Huron treaties in 1850
If you have ancestors listed among the names below, drop us an e-mail. We'll set up a new web page for your family history. Over time, the various surnames will add up to form a history of the pioneers and their lives in the Thunder Bay area. Also welcome are research subjects for the Thunder Bay area in which you may be interested -- the fur trade, railways, the history of the logging industry, transportation on the Great Lakes, etc. Here are the folks in the Fort William area of Thunder Bay in the 1881 Census of Canada:
Source: 1881 Census Place: Fort William, Algoma, Ontario, Canada FHL Film 1375918 and Library and Archives, Canada, film number C-13282 year of birth is shown in pointy brackets < >
, Rev Baxter <1816> M Irish Bir: Irel , Sister Tellier <1822> F French Bir: Fran , Brother Timmons <1826> M Irish Bir: Irel , Sister Paulhus <1836> F Canadian Bir: Quebec , Sister Connelly <1837> F Irish Bir: Ireland , Brother Gerome / Jerome <1841> M Canadian Bir: Queb , Rev Heber <1841> M Canadian Bir: Queb , Brother Hayes <1842> M Irish Bir: Irel , Sister Linch / Lynch <1843> F Irish Bir: Irel , Sister Kirn / Kearns <1845> F German Bir: Germany , Rev Skee <1847> M German Bir: Germ , Brother Stacum <1851> M Irish Bir: USA , Rev Geon <1851> M Canadian Bir: Queb , Madann <1875> F French Bir: Ont ABRAHAMSON, Mary <1857> F Swedish Bir: Swedish ACCUBEE, Margaret <1813> F Indigenous Bir: Ont ACCUBEE, <1821> M Indigenous Bir: Ont ACCUBEE, Nawanthigosqua <1826> F Indigenous Bir: USA ACCUBEE, Mary Ann <1865> F Indigenous Bir: Ont ADAMS, John <1859> M Irish Bir: Ont ALLISON, Louis H. <1857> M English Bir: NS ANDERSON, Donald <1841> M Scottish Bir: Scotland ANDERSON, Wi m <1862> M Irish Bir: Irel ANGER / Angers, Peter <1856> M French Bir: Queb ANGER, Abenia <1858> F French Bir: Ont ANGER, Eugune <1879> M French Bir: Ont ANGER, Oscar <1880> M French Bir: Ont ATKINS, Edmond <1841> M Scottish Bir: USA ATKINS, Emma <1845> F English Bir: England BAKER, Charles <1829> M African Bir: USA BAKER, Annie <1847> F French Bir: Queb BAKER, Annie <1873> F African Bir: USA BALL, James <1850> M English Bir: Ont BALL, Lucinda <1857> F Canadian Bir: Ont BELANGER, ... <1870> F French Bir: Ont BELANGER, Clara <1876> F French Bir: Ont BERGESON, Elilly <1876> F French Bir: Ont BERGESON, Elizabeth <1878> F French Bir: Ont BERGRON, Frank <1856> M French Bir: Queb (Bergeron ?) BERGRON, Catherine <1857> F French Bir: Queb BERGRON, Narcisse <1861> M French Bir: Queb BERGRON, Edmira <1877> F Bir: Queb BERGRON, Elizabeth <1878> F Bir: Queb BERGRON, Frank <1880> M Bir: Ont BISSETT, Violet <1848> F Scottish Bir: Scot BLACK, Colin N. <1850> M Scottish Bir: Scot BLACK, Eliza A. <1850> F Canadian Bir: NS BLACK, Mary M. <1874> F Scottish Bir: USA BLACK, George D. <1876> M Bir: Ont BLACK, Madeline <1878> F Bir: Ont BLACK, Charles M. <1880> M Bir: Ont BLIAS / Blais, Wilfred <1838> M French Bir: Queb BLIAS, Celina <1848> F French Bir: Queb BLIAS, Andrew <1868> M French Bir: Queb BLIAS, Joseph <1872> M Bir: USA BLIAS, George <1874> M Bir: USA BLIAS, Mary A. <1877> F Bir: Ont BLIAS, Wi m <1879> M Bir: Ont BLIAS, Mary <1880> F Bir: Ont BLAUS, Charles <1841> M German Bir: Germ BLETTUER, John <1797> M German Bir: Germ BONNIA, Malvina <1875> F French Bir: Ont BONSHEE, Thomas <1853> M French Bir: Ont BONSHEE, Cathrine <1856> F French Bir: Ont BONSHEE, Alexander <1880> M French Bir: Ont BOUCHEE / BOUCHER ?, Joseph <1811> M French Bir: Ont BOUCHEE, Nannett <1819> F French Bir: Ont BOUCHEE, Luck <1856> M French Bir: Ont BOUCHEE, Paul <1858> M French Bir: Ont BOUYET, Mary <1811> F Indigenous Bir: Ont BOUYET, Peter <1855> M Indigenous Bir: Ont BOUYET, Jane <1861> F Indigenous Bir: Ont BOUYET, James <1879> M Bir: Ont BOUYET, Roase <1880> F Bir: Ont BRETT / Britt, Fannie <1867> F Indigenous Bir: Ont BRETT, Elizabeth <1870> F Indigenous Bir: Ont BRETT, Mary <1872> F Indigenous Bir: Ont BROAD, Mary A. <1821> F English Bir: Engl BUCHEE / Boucher, Ensa <1833> M French Bir: Ont BUCHEE, Mary Ann <1846> F Bir: Ont BUCHEE, Paul <1875> M French Bir: Ont BUCHEE, Alexander <1877> M French Bir: Ont BULLUS, Joseph <1870> M English Bir: Engl CADDY, J. St. Vincent <1838> M English Bir: WeIn CADDY, Frances C. <1852> F Canadian Bir: Ont CADDY, Edith <1874> F English Bir: Ont CADDY, Georgianna <1875> F English Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Duncan J. <1834> M Scottish Bir: Queb MCCALLUM, Almira J. <1835> F Canadian Bir: Ontario MCCALLUM, Wi m A. <1859> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Alzina <1861> F Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Emma J. <1863> F Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Almeda <1867> F Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Maggie A. <1869> F Bir: Ont MCCALLUM, Ada E. <1871> F Bir: Ont CAMERON, Wi m <1854> M Scottish Bir: NS CAMPBELL, John <1834> M Scottish Bir: Scot CAMPBELL, Murdock <1843> M Scottish Bir: Scot CAMPBELL, Mary <1852> F Scottish Bir: NS CAMPBELL, John M. <1875> M Scottish Bir: NS CAMPBELL, Catherine <1877> F Scottish Bir: NS CARLESON / Carlson, Alexander <1846> M Swedish Bir: Swed CARLESON, Mary <1851> F Swedish Bir: Swed CARLESON, Carle <1881> M Swedish Bir: Ont CARTER, Wi m <1832> M English Bir: Engl CHARLES, Elie <1861> M Indigenous Bir: Ont CHASE, Duglas <1852> M English Bir: NB CHASE, Alase <1856> F English Bir: NB CHRISTIE, John <1841> M French Bir: Ont CHRISTIE, Ang <1843> F French Bir: Ont CHRISTIE, Julia <1871> F Scottish Bir: Ont CHRISTIE, Henry <1876> M French Bir: Ont CHRISTIE, Mary <1879> F French Bir: Ont COLLIN / Collins, Michel <1801> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Baptist <1831> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Mary <1838> F Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLINS, William <1847> M Swedish Bir: Swed COLLIN, Michel <1856> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Mary A <1858> F Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Baptist <1859> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Anglic <1865> F Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Tusa <1870> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Iccac <1874> M Indigenous Bir: Ont COLLIN, Nanette <1874> F Bir: Ont COLLIN, Cathrine <1876> F Indigenous Bir: Ont COMMO / Comeau?, Lizzie <1868> F French Bir: Ont O'CONNOR, Cathrine J. <1847> F Irish Bir: Irel O'CONNOR, Maud <1877> F Irish Bir: Ont CORBETT, Percavill <1871> M American Bir: Ont CORBETT, Calla <1879> F American Bir: Ont COATES, John <1863> M Irish Bir: COXETTER, Louis H. <1832> M English Bir: NB COXETTER, Minnie T. <1842> F Irish Bir: USA COXETTER, Isabella A. <1871> F English Bir: NS CRAIG, Robert <1856> M Scottish Bir: Ont CRAWFORD, Neil <1845> M Scottish Bir: Scot CRAWFORD, Alexander C. <1848> M Scottish Bir: Scot CROW, Wi m <1831> M Indigenous Bir: Ont CROW / CROWE, Margaret <1833> F Indigenous Bir: Ont CROW, Charlotte <1855> F Indigenous Bir: Ont CROW, Peter <1857> M Indigenous Bir: Ont CROW, John <1879> M Indigenous Bir: Ont CURRIE, Hugh <1841> M Scottish Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Louisa <1841> F French Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Clement <1859> M Indigenous CYRETTE, Mary <1861> F Indigenous Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Cathrine <1865> F French Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Frances <1866> F French Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Madeline <1867> F French Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Ambrose <1873> M French Bir: Ont CYRETTE, Laurence <1879> M Indigenous DACKANESS, Nancy <1870> F French Bir: Ont DEACON, Edward <1852> M English Bir: Engl DAVID, Josett <1836> F Indigenous Bir: Ont DAVID, Elizabeth <1866> F French Bir: Ont DAVID, Frances <1868> M Indigenous Bir: Ont DAVID, Neseet <1872> F Indigenous Bir: Ont DAVID, Mary <1874> F Indigenous Bir: Ont DEBERNARDI, Ercole <1853> M Italian Bir: Italy DEBERNARDI, Maggie <1854> F Italian Bir: Ital DEBERNARDI, Arthur C. <1876> M Italian Bir: Ont DEBERNARDI, Mildred E. <1879> F Italian Bir: Ont DEBERNARDI, Robert <1880> M Italian Bir: Ont DECHAMPS, Joseph <1835> M French Bir: Ont DECHAMP / Deschamps ?, Ang <1839> F French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Nancy <1841> F French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Michel <1855> M French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Louis <1863> M French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Philip <1863> M French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Sarah <1866> F French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Alexander <1867> M French Bir: Ont DECHAMP, Peter <1868> M Bir: Ont DECHAMP, John <1869> M French Bir: Ont DEFOE, Ann <1853> F French Bir: Ont (Dafoe) DEFOE, Frank <1855> M French Bir: Ont DEJARDIA, Luenncia <1873> F Canadian Bir: Ont Desjardins ?) DENNISON, Nellie <1869> F Irish Bir: Ont DENNISON, Mary <1878> F Irish Bir: Ont DERMID, Maggie <1858> F Scottish Bir: Ont DINGWALL, John <1843> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, John <1839> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Colin <1841> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCDONALD, John B. <1847> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Mary <1850> F Irish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Mary <1851> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, James <1856> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Mary C. <1870> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Archie <1872> M Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Susanna <1876> F Irish Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Donald John <1878> M Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Isabella <1881> F Bir: Ont MCDONALD, Jane <1881> F Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, Ann <1832> F English Bir: Engl MCDOUGALL, Neil <1857> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, James <1858> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, Walter <1859> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, Robert <1861> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, Fannie <1862> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCDOUGALL, Aggie <1870> F Scottish Bir: Ont DUCHARMES, Harriet <1837> F Indigenous Bir: Ont DUCHARMES, Harriet <1863> F Indigenous Bir: Ont DUCHARMES, Martin <1863> M French Bir: Ont DUFF, James <1849> M Irish Bir: Irel FABAHQUNIN, Namab <1838> F Indigenous Bir: Ont FABAHQUNIN, John Bapt <1840> M Indigenous Bir: Ont FABAHQUNIN, Alexie <1841> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCFADDEN, Thomas <1855> M Irish Bir: Ont MCFADDEN, Mary J. <1857> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCFADDEN, Annie E. <1878> F Irish Bir: Ont MCFADDEN, Wi m J. <1880> M Bir: Ont FAYON, John Bapt <1846> M Indigenous Bir: Ont FAYON, Stephen <1851> M Indigenous Bir: Ont FAYON, Mary <1861> F Indigenous Bir: Ont FAYON, John <1878> M Indigenous Bir: Ont FAYON, Lucy <1880> F Indigenous Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Thomas <1842> M English Bir: FREEMAN, Charlott <1848> F English Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Wi m <1868> M Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Mary <1869> F Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Charlott C. <1873> F Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Thomas J. A. <1874> M Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Rose Ann <1878> F Bir: Ont FREEMAN, Victoria <1880> F Bir: Ont FREGAN, Frederic <1835> M French Bir: Queb FREGAN, Virginia <1841> F French Bir: Queb FREGAN, Delph <1861> F French Bir: USA FREGAN, Frederic <1862> M French Bir: USA FREGAN, Louis <1865> M French Bir: USA FREGAN, Clophes <1869> F French Bir: USA FREGAN, Louisa <1872> F French Bir: USA GAELH, John <1841> M German Bir: Ont GARDEN, Louisa <1846> F French Bir: Ont GARDEN, Joseph <1877> M Bir: Ont GODFREY, Thomas <1856> M Irish Bir: Ont GOODWIN, Able <1841> M Indigenous Bir: NwT GOODWIN, <1845> F Indigenous Bir: NwT GOODWIN, Isabella <1866> F Indigenous Bir: Ont GOODWIN, Sarah <1868> F Bir: GOODWIN, Luzie <1870> F Bir: GOODWIN, Jennie <1875> F Bir: GOODWIN, Joseph <1877> M Bir: GORMAN, John D. <1841> M Irish Bir: Irel GORMAN, Mary <1856> F Irish Bir: Ont GRAFFE, Frank F. <1849> M Canadian Bir: Ont GRAHAM, George A. <1857> M Scottish Bir: Ont GRANT, Henry J. <1840> M Scottish Bir: Ont GRANT, Mary <1856> F Scottish Bir: USA MCGREGOR, Jessie <1862> F Scottish Bir: Ont GUERARD, Basil <1828> M French Bir: Queb GUERARD, Adelaide <1833> F French Bir: Queb GUERARD, Godfrey <1863> M French Bir: Ont GUERARD, Henry <1866> M French Bir: Ont GUERARD, Louisa <1869> F French Bir: Ont GUERARD, Albert <1872> M French Bir: Ont GUERART, Alexander <1865> M French Bir: Ont HEALY, Wi m J. <1843> M Irish Bir: Irel (Healey ?) HEALY, Ellen N. <1847> F Irish Bir: Irel HEALY, Daniel N. <1873> M Bir: Ont HEALY, Eleanor <1875> F Bir: Ont HANNA, Margaret <1843> F English Bir: Ont Hannah ? HANNA, Martha A <1870> F Bir: Ont HANNA, W. J. Campbell <1876> M Bir: Ont HARTNEY, Michael <1836> M Irish Bir: Irel HARVEY, James <1861> M Irish Bir: NS HAYWARD, Samuel <1855> M English Bir: Engl HAYWARD, Hannah M. <1857> F English Bir: Engl HAYWARD, Samuel <1877> M Bir: Ont HAYWARD, Wi m <1878> M Bir: Ont HAYWARD, Arthur <1880> M Bir: Ont HEWITT, Wi m <1851> M Irish Bir: Engl HEWITT, Fannie <1855> F Irish Bir: Ont HEWITT, Jane <1873> F Bir: Ont HEWITT, Wi m <1875> M Bir: Ont HEWITT, Jacob <1877> M Bir: Ont HEWITT, Joseph <1879> M Bir: Ont HOLLINGSWORTH, John S. <1855> M English Bir: Ont HOLLINGSWORTH, Agnes <1857> F English Bir: Ont HOLLINGSWORTH, Mary A. <1880> F Bir: Ont INGALLS, Edmond <1841> M American Bir: USA INGALLS, Ruth A. <1849> F American Bir: USA INGALLS, Ruth L. <1874> F Bir: USA INGALLS, Almira L. <1876> F Bir: USA INGALLS, Edmond <1879> M Bir: USA WHISKEY JACK, Nabous <1851> M Indigenous Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Catherine <1857> F Indigenous Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Agnes <1877> F Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Janeann <1879> F Bir: Ont JACKSON, Grace <1831> F Scottish Bir: Scot JACOB, Theresa <1806> F Indigenous Bir: Ont JOHN, Mary <1846> F Indigenous Bir: USA ST. JOHN, Michelle <1856> M French Bir: Ont ST. JOHN, Roasalle <1859> F French Bir: Ont ST. JOHN, Josephine <1879> F French Bir: Ont JOHNSON, Constance <1852> M Swedish Bir: Swed JOHNSON, Alexander <1855> M Swedish Bir: Swed JOSEPH, Lizzie <1874> F French Bir: Ont MCKAY, Nancy <1851> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKAY, Nancy <1867> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MCKAY, Moses <1870> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCKAY, Alexander <1872> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCKAY, John <1879> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCKAY, Joseph <1879> M Indigenous Bir: Ont KEBEWCISO, Louie <1834> M Indigenous Bir: Ont KEBEWCISO, John <1836> M Indigenous Bir: Ont KEBEWCISO, Annie <1863> F Indigenous Bir: Ont KEBEWCISO, Mary <1865> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Margaret <1815> F Scottish Bir: Scotland MCKELLAR, John <1836> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Mary <1839> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Peter <1841> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Effie <1843> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLER, Archie <1848> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Maggie <1853> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKELLAR, Susan <1861> F Scottish Bir: USA MCKELLAR, J. Sewart <1863> M Scottish Bir: USA KENNEDY, Annie <1860> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKENZIE, Elizabeth <1866> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCKENZIE, Alexander <1869> M Scottish Bir: Ont KEOTASSING, David <1847> M Indigenous Bir: Ont KEOTASSING, Round Eye <1870> M Bir: Ont KEOUGH, Patrick Wm. <1841> M Irish Bir: USA (Kehoe) KEOUGH, Maria <1847> F Irish Bir: USA KEOUGH, John <1871> M Irish Bir: USA KEOUGH, Pamela <1875> F Bir: USA MCKINNON, John C. <1862> M Scottish Bir: Ont KIRKPATRICK, Wi m <1861> M Irish Bir: Ont MCNABB, Richard <1847> M Irish Bir: Ont MCNABB, Annie <1853> F Scottish Bir: Nova Scotia MCNABB, Janet <1870> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCNABB, Joseph <1871> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCNABB, Neil <1874> M Scottish Bir: USA MCNABB, Mary <1878> F Scottish Bir: USA KNAPPEN, Prosper L. <1845> M German Bir: USA KNAPPEN, Matilda E. <1847> F --- Bir: USA LABLAU, Nanette <1870> F French Bir: Ont LAFRANCICINA, Daniel <1853> M Swiss Bir: Switzerland LAMBERT, Joseph <1781> M French Bir: BC LAMBERT, Michael <1821> M French Bir: Quebec LEE, James <1837> M Irish Bir: Ont LEE, Mary <1844> F Irish Bir: Ont LEE, Maria C. <1863> F Irish Bir: Ont LEE, Wi m E. <1865> M Bir: Ont LEE, Michael <1867> M Bir: Ont LEE, John Hugh <1870> M Bir: Ont LEE, Henry A. <1875> M Bir: Ont LEE, Mary T. <1880> F Bir: Ont LEOUDITT, George <1851> M French Bir: Ont LAVALLEY, Moses <1837> M French Bir: Queb LEVELLEY, Annie <1843> F Bir: NwT LEVELLEY, Alexander <1865> M Bir: NwT (LaValley ?) LEVELLEY, Albert <1868> M Bir: NwT LEVELLEY, Emily <1871> F Bir: NwT LEVELLEY, Josephine <1874> F Bir: NwT LEVELLEY, Wi m <1875> M Bir: NwT LEVELLEY, Angus <1877> M Bir: Ont LONEY, Samuel <1861> M Irish Bir: Ont LOONAM / LUNAM, Peter <1848> M Irish Bir: Queb LOONAM, Mary D. <1851> F Irish Bir: Irel LOONAM, Patrick E. F. <1875> M Bir: Queb LOONAM, Mary Ellan <1876> F Bir: Queb LOONAM, Peter Paul <1878> M Bir: Queb LOONAM, Bertha S. <1880> F Bir: Queb LOUTTIT, Ellen <1871> F English Bir: Ont LOUTTIT, Samuel <1873> M English Bir: Ont LOUTTIT, Elizabeth <1877> F English Bir: Ont LOUIE, Simon <1841> M French Bir: Ont (LOUIS ?) LOUIE, Moses <1843> M French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Margarett <1845> F French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Mary <1847> F French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Cathrine <1858> F French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Julyet <1865> F French Bir: Ont LOUIE, George <1866> M French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Jannet <1868> F Bir: Ont LOUIE, Joseph <1870> M Bir: Ont LOUIE, Mary <1872> F Bir: Ont LOUIE, Mary <1874> F Bir: Ont LOUIE, John <1878> M French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Jane <1880> F French Bir: Ont LOUIE, Simon <1881> M Bir: Ont LUDITT, Moses <1859> M Indigenous Bir: Ont LUDITT, Josephine <1861> F Indigenous Bir: Ont LUNDBERG, John <1842> M Swedish Bir: Sweden LUNDBERG, Caroline <1852> F Swedish Bir: Sweden LUNDBERG, Selma <1873> F Bir: USA LUNDBERG, Ida <1875> F Swedish Bir: USA LUNDBERG, Nellie <1877> F Swedish Bir: USA LUNDBERG, Edward <1879> M Swedish Bir: Ont LUNDBERG, Charles <1880> M Bir: Ont

MACAB / McCabe ?, Patrick <1860> M Irish Bir: Irel MACCHESSING, Michel <1843> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MACCHESSING, Mary <1851> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MACCHESSING, John <1871> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MACCHESSING, Nians <1880> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCALLEN, Emily P. <1842> F English Bir: Engl MCALLEN, Philip P. <1842> M English Bir: Engl (Thanks to Mr. David Miller for sending along the correct spelling ... Al) MCALLEN, Phil <1863> M Bir: Engl MCALLEN, Alfred <1867> M English Bir: Engl MCALLEN, Edwin <1869> M English Bir: Engl MCALLEN, Emily <1873> F Bir: NB MCALLEN, Duglass <1875> M English Bir: NB MCALLEN, Ernest <1877> M Bir: NB MCALLEN, Adda <1879> F Bir: Ont MCALLEN, Clement <1881> M Bir: Ont MCLENNAN, Charles <1851> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCLENNAN, Annie <1856> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLENNAN, Myra <1881> F Bir: Ont MCINTYRE, John <1817> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCINTYRE, Jane S. <1818> F English Bir: Engl MCINTYRE, Mary V. <1850> F Scottish Bir: Queb MCINTYRE, Annie <1862> F Bir: Ont MCLAREN, Archibald <1831> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCLAURIN, John <1836> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAREN, Susan <1837> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAURIN, Mary <1843> F Indigenous Bir: USA MCLAURIN, George <1862> M Scottish Bir: USA MCLAREN, James <1864> M Bir: USA MCLAURIN, Peter <1866> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAURIN, Susan <1868> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAURIN, Mary Jane <1871> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAURIN, Kate <1874> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLAREN, A. Allison <1875> M Bir: USA MCLAURIN, Daisie M. <1877> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Donald <1843> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCLEAN, Wi m <1846> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCLEAN, Mary J. <1850> F English Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Flora <1851> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLEAN JR., Wi m <1852> M Canadian Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Grace L. <1871> F Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Winnifred J. <1871> F Scottish Bir: USA MCLEAN, Alexander <1874> M Bir: Ont MCLEAN, George <1878> M Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Donald <1880> M Scottish Bir: Ont MCLEAN, Mable Allace <1880> F Bir: Ont MCLEOD, John <1841> M Scottish Bir: Scot MCLEOD, Annie J. <1860> F Scottish Bir: Ont MCLEOD, Annie <1868> F Scottish Bir: Ont MAGUTANAH, Jacob <1794> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MAGUTANAH, Mary <1831> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MAGUTANAH, Peann <1865> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MAGUTINA, Jacob <1796> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MARCILL, Edward <1856> M French Bir: NwT MARCILL, Annie J. <1860> F French Bir: NwT MARCILL, James G. <1878> M French Bir: Ont MARCILL, Alace <1880> F Bir: Ont MARTIN, Madaine <1826> F French Bir: Fran MERCELL, James <1826> M French Bir: NwT MERCELL, George <1847> M French Bir: NwT MERCELL, Barbra <1851> F French Bir: Ont MERCELL, Mary <1861> F French Bir: Ont MERCELL, Harriet <1871> F French Bir: Ont MERCELL, Domonic <1879> M French Bir: Ont MICHAU / MICHAUD ?, Nanette <1873> F French Bir: Ont MCMILLEN / McMILLAN ?, Grace <1861> F Scottish Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, <1847> M Indigenous Bir: USA MINNAWABUSH, Mary <1851> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, Alexander <1872> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, Moses <1874> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, Mary J. <1876> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, John <1878> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MINNAWABUSH, Joseph <1880> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MITCHELL, Henry <1841> M French Bir: Queb MITCHELL, Louisa <1858> F Indigenous Bir: Ont MITCHELL, Mary <1876> F French Bir: Ont MITCHELL, Henry <1878> M French Bir: Ont MITCHELL, Peter <1879> M French Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, Frank <1836> M Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, Louisa <1846> F Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, John <1863> M Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, Emaly <1865> F Scottish Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, John <1873> M Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, Sabill <1877> M Bir: Ont MIZZOBIE, Mary M. <1879> F Bir: Ont MOBERLY, Frank <1845> M English Bir: Ont MOBERLY, Jessie V. <1875> F Bir: Ont MOBERLY, Olgan <1876> F Bir: Ont MOBERLY, Bernard K. <1878> M Bir: Ont MOBERLY, George M. <1880> M English Bir: Ont MOORE, Wi m <1853> M Irish Bir: Irel MORISON, Daniel <1839> M Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, Mary M. <1845> F Scottish Bir: Scot MORISON, Mary <1863> F Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, John <1866> M Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, James <1869> M Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, David <1870> M Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, Robert <1876> M Scottish Bir: Ont MORISON, Henry <1878> M Bir: Ont MORRISON, Murdock <1831> M Scottish Bir: Scot MORRISON, Mary <1847> F English Bir: NwT MORRISON, Donald <1851> M Scottish Bir: Scot MORRISON, Jennie <1858> F Scottish Bir: Ont MORRISON, Dinnah <1869> F English Bir: NwT MORRISON, Thomas J <1871> M English Bir: NwT MORRISON, Charles <1877> M English Bir: NwT MORRISON, Nellie <1877> F Scottish Bir: MORRISON, Alexander <1879> M Scottish Bir: MORRISON, Mary <1879> F English Bir: NwT MORSE, Charles <1846> M English Bir: NS MORSE, Kate <1859> F English Bir: Queb MORSE, Kate <1880> F English Bir: Ont MU MU, <1821> F Bir: Ont MU MU, Niael <1856> M Bir: Ont MURRAY, Wi m <1836> M Scottish Bir: Ont MUSKOAGESIE, <1837> M Indigenous Bir: USA MUSKOAGESIE, Mary <1861> F Indigenous Bir: Ont NOBAY, Moses <1862> M Indigenous Bir: Ont ORGAN, Margaret <1871> F Irish Bir: Ont ORGAN, Nancy <1875> F Irish Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMAHE, Mary <1876> F Indigenous Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMESHE, Charles <1843> M Indigenous Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMESHE, Sarah <1851> F Indigenous Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMESHE, John <1861> M Indigenous Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMESHE, Andrew <1870> M Indigenous Bir: Ont OSHTEGUMESHE, Cathrine <1880> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PADDY, Andrew <1857> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PADDY, Narrcy <1862> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PADDY, Mary <1878> F Bir: Ont PADDY, Madeline <1880> F Bir: Ont PEASE, Mary <1831> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PECHEAU, Paul <1874> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PENASSIE, John <1836> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PENASSIE, Mary <1848> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Simon <1849> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Joseph <1853> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Mary A. <1855> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Thomas <1867> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Mary <1874> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PENESSIE, Peter <1880> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PERRAULT, Joseph <1842> M French Bir: Queb PERRAULT, Ang <1846> F Indigenous Bir: Queb PERRAULT, Joseph <1869> M French Bir: Queb PERRAULT, Mary <1872> F French Bir: Ont PERRAULT, Philemun <1872> F French Bir: Queb PERAULT, Susan <1875> F French Bir: Ont PERRAULT, Susan <1878> F French Bir: Ont PERRAULT, Sarah <1881> F French Bir: Ont PERRON, Frank <1854> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PERRY, Fred C. <1849> M American Bir: USA PERRY, Katie <1851> F Scottish Bir: Ont PESHUMA, Mary <1851> F Indigenous Bir: USA PESHUMA, John <1871> M Indigenous Bir: USA PESHUMA, Sallie <1873> F Indigenous Bir: USA PESHUMA, Agnes <1875> F Indigenous Bir: USA PESHUMA, Mary <1878> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PETEWAMQUET, Solomon <1846> M Indigenous Bir: Ont MCPHERSON, Alexander <1857> M Scottish Bir: Ont PISKIE, Mary A. <1841> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PISKY, Joseph <1836> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PISKY, Isabella <1841> F Indigenous Bir: Ont PISKY, Joseph <1866> M Indigenous Bir: Ont PISKY, Isabella <1868> F Bir: Ont PISKY, Mary <1870> F Bir: Ont PISKY, Margaret <1872> F Bir: Ont PISKY, Paul <1874> M Bir: Ont POULIN, Margret <1867> F French Bir: Ont POINTON, Thomas C <1843> M English Bir: Engl POINTON, Mary E <1849> F English Bir: Engl POINTON, Sarah H. <1869> F Bir: Engl POINTON, Perella V <1871> F Bir: Engl POINTON, Elizabeth A <1874> F Bir: Engl POINTON, Olive R <1876> F Bir: Engl POINTON, Mary E <1879> F Bir: Ont PRATT, Margaret <1820> F Scottish Bir: Scot PRATT, Jessie <1850> F Scottish Bir: Scot PRATT, Robert M. <1850> M Scottish Bir: Scot PRATT, Stephen S. <1879> M Bir: USA PURCELL, Patrick M Irish Bir: Irel QUECUS, Margaret <1801> F Indigenous Bir: Ont RANKIN, Robert <1858> M English Bir: NS REDDEN, Dora <1860> F Irish Bir: Engl REDDEN, Joseph <1867> M Irish Bir: Engl RICHARDS, Thomas <1821> M Welsh Bir: NwT RICHARDS, Mary <1830> F Scottish Bir: NwT RICHARDS, Ellen <1861> F Welsh Bir: NwT RICHARDS, Louisa <1866> F Welsh Bir: NwT RICHARDS, Clara <1869> F Welsh Bir: NwT RICHARDS, Christina <1874> F Welsh Bir: NwT ROACH, Wi m <1860> M Irish Bir: Ont ROBERTSON, Jane <1843> F English Bir: NwT ROBIDEAN / Robideaux ?, John <1858> M French Bir: Queb ROBIN, Philemon <1841> M French Bir: Queb ROBIN, Aurilie <1842> F French Bir: Queb ROBIN, Eugenie <1866> F French Bir: Queb ROBIN, Damase <1869> M French Bir: Queb ROBIN, Delphine <1871> F French Bir: USA RYAN, Joseph <1843> M Irish Bir: Ont RYAN, Maggie <1849> F Irish Bir: Ont THOMS, Stuart <1851> M Irish Bir: Ont THOMS, Mary J <1852> F Irish Bir: Ont THOMS, Stuart <1873> M Bir: Ont THOMS, Sarah <1876> F Bir: Ont THOMS, Elizabeth <1878> F Bir: Ont THOMS, Susana <1880> F Bir: Ont SAUNDERS, Hester <1851> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SAUNDERS, Maggie <1874> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SCOTT, James <1853> M English Bir: Queb SEBESKANT, <1835> M Indigenous Bir: USA SHEHAN / SHEEHAN ?, Philip <1862> M Irish Bir: Ont SHAW, James <1855> M English Bir: Ont SILLES, John <1829> M Irish Bir: Irel SILLES, Mary <1833> F Irish Bir: Irel SILLES, Lucy <1863> F Irish Bir: Ont SILLES, Maggie <1865> F Irish Bir: Ont SILLES, John <1866> M Irish Bir: Ont SILLES, James <1867> M Irish Bir: Ont SILLES, Katie <1868> F Irish Bir: Ont SILLES, Mary <1878> F Irish Bir: Ont SIMON, Joseph <1845> M Indigenous Bir: Ont SIMON, Mary <1853> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SIMON, Mary <1875> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SIMON, Joseph <1876> M Indigenous Bir: Ont SIMON, Michel <1878> M Indigenous Bir: Ont SIMON, Nancy <1880> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SINGLETON, Joseph <1851> M English Bir: Ont SINGLETON, Josephine <1853> F Indigenous Bir: Ont SMITH, George B <1847> M Canadian Bir: Ont SMITH, Josephine <1849> F English Bir: Ont SMITH, James S. <1853> M Canadian Bir: Ont SMITH, Herbert J <1874> M Bir: Ont SMITH, Eestella <1875> F Bir: Ont SMITH, Louisa M <1879> F Bir: Ont SPOTTEN, Alexander L. <1826> M Irish Bir: Queb SPOTTEN, Clarassa <1828> F Irish Bir: Queb STEVENSON, Alexander <1842> M Scottish Bir: Scot STEVENSON, Matilda <1859> F English Bir: NB STEVENSON, Ann <1880> F Scottish Bir: Ont SWANSON, Robert <1847> M English Bir: NwT SWANSON, Sarah <1857> F English Bir: NwT SWANSON, Frances C. <1878> F Bir: Ont SWANSON, Wi m R <1880> M Bir: Ont TARRNEY, Mary J <1873> F French Bir: Ont THOMPSON, John <1836> M Scottish Bir: Scot THOMPSON, Thomas Geo. <1857> M English Bir: Engl MCVICAR, John R. <1831> M Scottish Bir: MCVICAR, Christina <1842> F Scottish Bir: Queb MCVICAR, Victoria <1845> F Scottish Bir: Queb MCVICAR, George P. <1871> M Scottish Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Louisa F Indigenous Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Pritchard <1833> M English Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Fred <1867> M English Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Ell <1869> F Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Wi m <1872> M Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Warren <1875> M Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, M. Sarah <1877> F Bir: Ont WARRINGTON, Louisa <1880> F Bir: Ont WATICIA, David <1853> M French Bir: Ont WATICIA, Charlott <1855> F French Bir: Ont WATICIA, Lizzie <1873> F French Bir: Ont WATT, Jane <1859> F Scottish Bir: NwT WEIDEU, Joseph <1855> M German Bir: USA WEIDEU, Lucy <1855> F English Bir: USA WEIGAND / WIEGAND Thomas <1802> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, William <1815> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Mary <1821> F English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, John <1844> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Jane <1849> F English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, William 1849 M English Bir: NwT (Wiegand) WEIGAND, Thomas <1851> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Mary <1859> F English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Richard <1859> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Robert <1864> M English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Charlott E. <1869> F English Bir: NwT WEIGAND, Mary J <1879> F English Bir: Ont WEIGAND, Wi m F. <1881> M English Bir: Ont GUENARD, Georgina <1860> F French Bir: Ont WELSH, Sarah <1865> F Irish Bir: Ont WHALEN, Joseph <1850> M Irish Bir: Ont WHALEN, Allace <1851> F English Bir: Engl WHALEN, Charlott <1860> F English Bir: Engl WHALEN, James <1868> M Irish Bir: Ont WHALEN, Wi m <1871> M Bir: Ont WHALEN, Joseph <1874> M Bir: Ont WHALEN, Rosanna <1876> F Bir: Ont WHALEN, John <1878> M Bir: Ont WHALEN, George F. <1880> M Bir: Ont WHITE, Joseph <1854> M Indigenous Bir: Ont WICKSTUD, Henry K. <1855> M English Bir: Queb WICKSTUD, Helen M. <1861> F Scottish Bir: Ont WICKSTUD, Anna W. <1880> F English Bir: Ont WILMOT, Edward A. <1847> M English Bir: NB WILMOT, Belle M. <1854> F English Bir: NS WILMOT, Hugh H. <1880> M English Bir: Ont WILSON, Peter <1849> M Scottish Bir: Ont WILSON, Rebecca <1850> F Canadian Bir: Ont WILSON, Charles <1856> M Irish Bir: Ont WILSON, Mary M. <1872> F Scottish Bir: Ont WILSON, Hannah J. <1874> F Scottish Bir: Ont WILSON, Ernest <1876> M Scottish Bir: Ont WILSON, Peter John <1879> M Scottish Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Nabous <1851> M Indigenous Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Catherine <1857> F Indigenous Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Agnes <1877> F Bir: Ont WHISKEY JACK, Janeann <1879> F Bir: Ont YOUNG, Bridget <1846> F Irish Bir: Irel YOUNG, James <1846> M Scottish Bir: Scot Many of the folks enumerated above are listed as "Indigenous". See also our page for Native Canadian history.


September 12, 2009:
Map Source: A Historical Atlas of Canada, Edited by D.G.G. Kerr, University of Western Ontario, Thomas Nelson and Sons, Second Edition, 1966, page 45 Portage Routes, Lake Superior to Rainy River
Two main canoe routes departing from the western end of Lake Superior - from Grand Portage and from Kaministiquia -- are shown on the map above. After 1803, most traffic went from Kaministiquia. By the first decade of the nineteenth century, annual meetings of the Northwest Company were held at Kaministiquia. These meetings were necessary to co-ordinate the operations of the company to the west and north of Lake Superior. Capital was raised in Montreal and was used to finance infrastructure required for the fur trade along the canoe and portage routes from Montreal, up the Ottawa River to Mattawa and across to Lake Nippissing and to Lake Superior. New October 1, 2013: The Northwest Company in Rebellion – Simon McGillivray’s Fort William Notebook, published in 1988 by the Thunder Bay Historical Museum Society, ISBN 0-920119-08-5 is a transcription of Simon McGillivray's 1815 diary when he was at Fort William for the annual meeting of the Northwest Company. This book gives very good insight into the conditions at the time.
Old Woman Bay, Lake Superior, Ontario, Canada Photo by Al Lewis
The wind was called "La Vieille", or the Old Woman. La Vieille led to layovers of up to a week until she subsided. This is a very powerful lake which can turn from flat calm to six foot rollers in an hour. Eric Morse and his wife canoed from Thunder Bay to Sault Ste. Marie in a 17 foot Grumman canoe. Grand Portage is in the State of Minnesota, USA. ... Al
December 29, 2009: According to Bruce Graham (see Steamboat Mail Contracts), the first steam boat reached Lake Superior on July 27, 1857. The steamer was named the Collingwood.
Steam Boat on Lake Superior, Ontario, Canada Image Source: Selections from Picturesque Canada, plate 46 Steamboat on Lake Superior, 1860's

July 24, 2011 Brian Schatz is researching his Wiegand ancestors who show up in the 1881 census for Fort William. (see listing above).
September 4, 2011:
By 1900, thousands of new citizens came to the Lakehead to work on the railways and on the docks as freight-handlers. The following excerpt is from a paper by Jean Morrison. The paper is called "Ethnicity and Violence: The Lakehead Freight Handlers before World War 1" and it appears in Essays in Canadian Working Class History Edited by Gregory S. Kealey and Peter Warrian, McClelland and Stewart, 1976, ISBN 0-7710-4477-1 The labour unrest involved mainly Italian and Greek labourers. See also Italians in Ottawa and Toronto, Ontario, Canada. Strikes at the Lakehead (Thunderbay, Ontario), 1902-1912

August 1, 2012:
The Rock of Ages Lighthouse in Lake Superior See also Lighthouses on the Ottawa River ) The Rock of Ages Lighthouse in Lake Superior, near Isle Royale
For other lighthouses, see our Lighthouses page.
October 24, 2012: New article: Catholic Missionary Labours on the Lake Superior Frontier, 1667-1751, appears in the Autumn 1959 Ontario History publication of the Ontario Historical Society, pages 237-250. Available in the OBOGS Library in Ottawa. See their online catalogue. The author is Francis J. Nelligan, S.J.

E-mail Al Lewis
Back to Bytown or Bust - The Fur Trade from Montreal, Quebec to Thunder Bay, Ontario