Eugene Martineau, Mayor of Ottawa
First Francophone Mayor


January 21, 2006:

Hi Al
 
I wonder if you have run across any information about Eugene Martineau (1837-1880), 
Ottawa's 1st Francophone Mayor. I encountered his name while searching for my 
Martineau relatives ( through my ggm Harriet Leblanc whose sister married a Martineau). 
He seems to have been a very interesting character.  He apparently was born in 
Saint-Nicolas, Lower Canada in 1837 (not verified; the 1871 Census index would 
make it 1840) and migrated to Ottawa/Bytown before 1860.  He married before 1863 , 
his wife Julia was born in 1837 in Ontario and the 1901 census indicates "urban" 
so I would guess in Bytown. They had at least 4 children. There is a good picture 
at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Image:Eug%C3%A8neMartineau23.jpg and apparently 
in the National Archives collection.
 
The 1863 Directory shows him as a Dry goods merchant on Sussex near Murray and 
as a City Councillor; no ward is indicated but he was serving on 2 standing 
committees Bylaws and Printing. The next year's directory listing shows him as 
Tailor and Clothier dealing in boots, shoes, hats etc. and adds that his house 
was on Murray St and that he was recording secretary for the Societe St Jean Baptiste
 
By 1867 his business had grown to include ready made clothing  and he had taken 
over premises at 65-67 Sussex at the corner of Clarence . This building had 
previously been used by LBJ Lazure also a dry goods merchant.  This was later 
renumbered to be 465 Sussex; the building was restored/renovated by the NCC in 
the 1990s. There is an interesting article on this restoration project at 
http://www.icomos.org/~fleblanc/publications/pub_465sussex.html  
The directory entry also shows that he was the councillor for By Ward. The next 
year he represented Ottawa Ward and his house is shown to be on the south side 
of Murray between Sussex and Dalhousie. 
 
1870 marks the first appereance of my relative, one Charles Ustazede Martineau 
then 24,  a clerk working at E Maritineau's and boarding on Murray. A brother, 
cousin, unrelated????
 
In 1871, Eugene is Alderman for Ottawa Ward, a member of the Council of the 
Ottawa Board of Trade. 
 
In !872, he was elected Mayor of Ottawa, was also 2nd VP of the Institute 
Canadien Francais d'Outauois,and 1st VP of the Soc.St Jean Baptiste. This year 
also marks the construction of the Martineau Hotel at 55  Murray. This heritage 
building was restored after a fire in 1978 and has been included in the Doors Open 
Ottawa program.  There is a good picture at  http://ottawa.ca/city_services/culture/doorsopen/buildings/central_the_carriageway_en.html   
and an interesting article from the Citizen at http://www.vaaltd.ca/pressdetail12.php  
Fairly slanderous unless true. 1873 marks the highwater mark of his career, Mayor and 
alderman for Ottawa ward. In 1874 he is no longer on City council and seems to have 
withdrawn from public life.
 
By 1875, he has moved house to 28 Sussex;  that was on the west side between St Patrick 
and Bolton or in todays terms somewhere near where the Art Gallery, Mint and old 
War Museum are. It is this year that the numbers on Sussex were changed and 
65 became 465.
 
1875 marks the end of the records I have found. His widow appears at 59 Bolton 
through the 1901 census. Sometime between1875 and 1881 a street in Lowertown is 
named for him, formerly Carriere it became Shamrock in 1875 and Martineau by 1881, 
it was apparently obliterated when St Patrick was rerouted.
 
Hope you find some of this interesting 
Regards 
 
... Al Craig
New April 12, 2006: Hi Al, Just a note to let you know that I have heard back from Marie Martineau Glasby who provided the following info. "What I first want to tell you is there is a hard bound book at the library in Ottawa. The name is Genealogie Famille Martineau. it is written by a F. H. Filteau. There is a copy there, even though it is out of print. It was published in 1896 by A. Bureau & Freres, Imprimeurs. It gives the Martineau family genealogy and other very useful information.... The mayor was married twice, my family is of this marriage to Oive Groulx . There were 3 children from this marrage. My Grandfather is Edouard-Eugene born in 1863 and married Marie Ward in 1888. The second wife was Julie-Christine Bourgeous. There were, I believe, 5 children from this marriage. " ... Al Craig

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