The Richmond Military Settlement in 1818
Goulbourn Township, Ontario, Canada
Painting by Ruth McMillan in 1976
Shows the Head of the Rideau Canal Locks in Ottawa, Canada in 1893
Richmond, Ontario Weather Forecast
Richmond, Incorporated in 1818 plaque at St. John the Baptist Church in Richmond
February 24, 2019:
Here are examples of the documents used to distribute and allocate free land grants to military settlers in the various Eastern Ontario communities:
Source for the next two images is Pioneer Sketches in the District of Bathurst, by Andrew Haydon, Centrepointe Library,
Reference area, Call # 971.38 Hay (also in the Bytown or Bust Library)
Land Grant Location Ticket, 1816,
example from the 1816 Perth Military Settlement
For more information on land grants, see our web page for early land grants in Upper Canada.
This is an excerpt from the book Richmond Sesquicentennial,
150 years - 1818-1968
A school house was established by 1820. It was used as a preaching
station by both Protestants and Catholics.
One morning in 1820 Captain Maxwell was preaching a sermon (Anglican)
and said the words:
"And the Lord said unto Moses ... Pat McElroy - put another stick on the fire!"
A survey in 1819 found 400 Catholics in the area and St. Phillip's RC
Church was founded. Among the names from before 1840 are:
Watters / Waters
O'Connor / Connor / Connors
O'Neill / O'Neil
Shanahan / Shannon
McCarthy / McCarty / Carty
Hammill / Hammell
Bergin / Berrigan
Lennon / Lenahan
Monaghan / Monahan
Houlahan / Houlihan
Mears / O'Meara
Kitts / Kitte / Kitt
/ Dubreuille (April 15, 2006)
Byrne / Burns / Byrnes
Moloughney or Maloney
Some of these people were at Fallowfield or Jockvale to the east of Richmond.
Some were as far west of Richmond as Dwyer Hill and Marlborough Township.
E-mail Allan Lewis
August 7, 2001
I just spent 2 hours perusing your website "Bytown or Bust" and found it fascinating.
I do have one question. I don't know if you can post it or can answer it yourself. Do
you know if St. John's Parish in Richmond, Carleton Co, was Anglican or Catholic? Do you
know if the church is still there? (yes and yes ... Al)
My gg-grandparents were married there on Sept 20, 1843. Their names were John Boyd
(an Irish immigrant) and Elizabeth Coward (from England?).
Again, thanks for your website.
Terry Boyd Sawzak
Thanks for your e-mail regarding St. John's in Richmond.
A schoolhouse was built in Richmond in about 1819. It was used as a temporary church by
the Anglicans and Roman Catholics alike until churches were built. St. John the Baptist
Anglican Church was built in 1823.
The Roman Catholic Church, called St. Phillips / St. Philips was built about the same
St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church in Richmond was built in 1823 and the Methodist Church
(United Church) is called St. Paul's.
Methodist "saddlebag" preachers visited Richmond from about 1819.
Source: Richmond 150th Anniversary Booklet (1818-1868)
The main cemetery in Richmond contains three sections - Anglican, Roman Catholic and I
forget if the third is Methodist or Presbyterian.
(picture) October 27, 2002:
The Birtch Brothers store on the Jock River.
Now a residential building.
October 10, 2003:
This Birtch family was probably related to Thomas BIRCH who came from County Tipperary and
settled in Cumberland Township.
See also some pioneers in Goulbourn Township
And Joseph Fortune, original Surveyor of Richmond.
November 11, 2002: And Sgt. McElroy who settled in Richmond in 1818.
February 7, 2003:
From the records of St. Phillip's Church in 1842:
28 December 1842, In the Church of St. Philip of Richmond in the District of Dalhousie,
Canada West, solemn benediction of a bell (weighing 400 lbs.) called Mary Ann at the
request of Mrs. Delaurier, Lady of Honour. In the presence of Very Rev. P. Phelan,
V.G., Rev. T. Smith, P.P. of Richmond, Rev. J. H. McDonagh, P.P. of Perth, Rev. James
Clarke, P.P. of Prescott. Rev. J. Leclaire, Adjutant of Bytown, (Notre Dame Cathedral) and a great many others.
September 15, 2004:
The Rielly House Hotel in Richmond was a main provisioning place for
farmers heading to the logging camps each year. It was also used as a
meeting place for the Goodwood Masonic Lodge which had been established at Richmond
in 1821. The present building, built in 1918, is on McBean Street and is part
of the Doors Open Ottawa program.
Pat McGrath is researching the Rielly, Burke and Lewis families from the Richmond area.
June 29, 2005:
Reeves of Richmond, 1850 to 1896
The village of Richmond was founded in 1818. It was incorporated in 1850.
The following persons were the Reeves of Richmond before 1900:
W. R. Lyon
John A. Bryson
William H. Butler
H. Riely (Reilly)
Source: Richmond Sesquicentennial, 1818-1968
July 10, 2005:
Hi Al: I hope that you forgive me because I may have taken away an excuse for
you to go for a ride some nice day. You mentioned that you wanted to go out
and get a picture of the Duke of Richmond's Monument. Here it is along with a
couple of shots of the Twin Elm Bridge. Do as you wish with them.
... Robert Sample
Memorial to Charles Lennox, Fourth Duke of Richmond
Plaque dedicated to the Duke of Richmond
Bridge over the Jock River at Twin Elm
Goulbourn Township, near the Nepean Border
The Jock River was first called the Goodwood River after the name of the Duke's estate in England
Before coming to Canada, the Duke of Richmond had been Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
He became the tenth Governor General of English Canada. He died in 1819 at Twin Elm, just
east of our village of Richmond after having been bitten by a rabid fox a few
weeks earlier in Lower Canada. Lieutenant Francis Cockburn (Cockburn Street)
was a close friend.
October 18, 2006:
Thanks to Robert Sample for the following:
Hi Al. I have read a couple of times wherein modern authors are saying that the Duke
of Richmond died before reaching Richmond. This is incorrect. He spent at least
one night in Richmond and then headed on by boat the next morning. His party
got down on the Jock to about where his monument stands today and there is some
debate as to whether he took off on them and ran to a barn or they took him to a
barn where he later died. Apparently there are different types of rabies or
rabies that have different symptoms. His seemingly was hydrophobic so the water
in the Jock was likely most uncomfortable for him.
I grew up in the Richmond area and the story that was told 65 yrs ago was
that the fox that bit him was a pet.
... Robert Sample
The story in my family is the Duke was bitten by a rabid fox and (my ancestor),
Dr. Christoper Collis, bled him. He died in Richmond (just east of Richmond)& his body was sent by boat to Quebec city.
... Pat McGrath
June 18, 2008:
The Duke of Richmond died at the home of Jerard Chapman (he later owned Chapman's Mills where
the Jock River empties into the Rideau River near the southern end of Woodroffe Avenue and
Prince of Wales Drive).
Text and Photo Source: Richmond Sesquicentennial, 150 years - 1818-1968, pages 2 and 3
and more from Robert Sample, regarding Dr. Collis:
Descendants of Chris 'MD' Collis
1 Chris 'MD' Collis b: Abt. 1795. Military Surgeon. Came to Richmond prior
to or about 1820 and was a Military Surgeon. d: in It is not known if Marianne
is a dau or a granddaughter but I will leave her there until I find out.
. +Unknown Unknown
....... 2 Marianne Collis b: December 19, 1830 in This Family Info is from the
Cemetery Stone d: October 19, 1896 Burial: St. John's Anglican Cemetery, Richmond, Ont.
........... + Thomas Lewis b: December 15, 1821 in This Family Info is from the
Cemetery Listing. d: July 1889 Burial: St. John's Anglican Cemetery, Richmond, Ont.
m: in 1851 Richmond census shows them as married. Father: John Bower 'Capt.' Lewis
Mother: Henrietta Jones
June 29, 2009:
I contacted you awhile back about a John Saxton Campbell who had lived in the Ottawa area
before the community was established but I am now off on a different tangent.
I am interested in the details surrounding the death of the 4th Duke of Richmond (Aug. 28, 1819).
The accepted authorities are the journals of two of his military aids, Major George Bowles and
Lieutenant-Colonel Francis Cockburn. I am more interested in observations made by local
residents who may have recorded their thoughts in their diaries, or local histories that may
consolidate some of these observations.
I would appreciate any feedback from yourself or your readers.
St. John's, NL
June 25, 2010:
Chapman's Barn on the Jock River / Richmond Road
(The farm of Jerard Chapman, pioneer settler)
Source: Ottawa: City of the Big Ears, page 52
December 18, 2011:
The Irish Potato famine began in the year 1846. By 1847 (Black '47), the word had spread to all of the Irish Settlements in
Canada and collections were taken for relief of the famine victims in Ireland. Here are some donations from the parishioners of
St. Philip's Church in Richmond:
Names of Persons who contributed to the relief of the poor of Ireland (famine), Richmond 23 May 1847
Widow James Murray 10 shillings
James Douris, Sr. 5 "
Michael Brady 5 "
Bryan Kennedy 5 "
William Shea 5 "
John Shea 5 "
Daniel Douris (see above) 5 "
John Carson 5 "
Thomas Ryan 5 "
Louis Dempsey 5 "
Gerald (Garrett) FitzGerald 5 "
Denis Teahan 5 "
Widow York 7½ pence
Source: Ellen Paul's transcription of the registers of St. Philip's Church.
July 7, 2013:
In 2009 I contacted you and posted a request for information on your site regarding the death of Charles Lennox, 4th Duke of Richmond
and Governor-in-Chief of British North America from 1818-19.
I would like to thank those who contributed comments. I have now published the results of my research in the most recent edition of
Ontario History (Spring 2013) under the title "What Evil Felled the Duke?: A Re-examination of the Death of the 4th Duke of Richmond."
I think that your readers might be interested in the story. If any have comments after reading it I would be pleased to discuss further
as no doubt there are still documents available that I did not manage to uncover.
I can be contacted at email@example.com
Dr. Hugh Whitney
September 12, 2014:
Booklet (part of the Historical Society of Ottawa Bytown Pamphlet Series, # 87): Some 1812 Richmond Soldiers / Settlers,
by Kurt Johnson, ISSN 978-920960-30-1
June 29, 2015:
Thanks to Taylor Kennedy for the following:
George H. Wilson from Richmond, also Dr. Crawford
February 1, 2016:
This is further to my note from earlier today. You will find an interesting article at the following link,
written by my Grandfather Collis John Bower Lewis about his recollection of the Richmond bank robbery of 1938. Enjoy!
I can remember my grandmother taking me to Ottawa city hall when I was young and pointing to the list of Mayors on the
wall in the lobby. The first was of course John Bower Lewis amd she was proud of the fact that we were descended from him.
... Brian Lewis
Thanks very much for your two very interesting e-mails. Your pioneer ancestor, John Bower Lewis, was a prominent
man in the early days of Ottawa. I believe that he started out in Richmond but later moved to South March and from there to Ottawa.
You will see his property on the first map from 1879 on that page, labelled as "Estate of William Lewis",
presumably his son. John Bower Lewis also owned the Klondike Hotel there, at the corners.
This building may still be standing, although the area is under development these days.
... Allan Lewis
October 11, 2016:
Map of Richmond Village in 1863. Boston Public Library
Go to http://maps.bpl.org/zoomify?baseUrl=http%3A%2F%2Fmaps.bpl.org%2F&viewer=modern&id=06_01_011728 to be able to zoom in and pan.
April 24, 2019:
Text block, below, National Capital Region Heritage, page 180.
keywords: Strachan Street, Napoleonic Wars settlers, McBean Street
Key words: George Brown, Richmond Bank of Nova Scotia
February 21, 2019:
Key words: Richmond, Dr. Chanonhouse
February 17, 2020:
Painting Source: Painting in Canada: A History, by Russell Harper, page 239
July 10, 2020:
Source: Ottawa Past and Present, by A.H.D. Ross, 1927, Musson Book Company, 1927, reprinted by Global Heritage Press
in 2007, ISBN 978-1-897446-00-3, page 33.